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Three Steps to Implement a Diabetes Prevention Strategy for Your Patients

Three Steps to Implement a Diabetes Prevention Strategy for Your Patients

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has been rising over the past 20 years. Based upon statistics on current health trends from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is estimated that 30 million adult Americans have diabetes1, or approximately 10 percent of the adult population.

Even more adults are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes; the CDC estimates that currently 84 million adult Americans have prediabetes1, a condition in which glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to diagnose type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes can be a reversible condition and treating it can delay or prevent progression to type 2 diabetes. However, the majority of adults who have prediabetes are unaware of their condition.2

The National Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle change program (National DPP lifestyle change program) is a structured, year-long program that has been proven to help patients delay or prevent type 2 diabetes. Over the past few years, the CDC, the American Medical Association (AMA), and healthcare organizations across the nation have worked together to bring National DPP lifestyle change programs to patients.

The following three steps can help you identify patients with prediabetes and refer them to a National Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle change program.

Step 1:  Identify patients with prediabetes

Prediabetes can be diagnosed through one of three laboratory tests:

The hemoglobin A1C, the fasting plasma glucose or the oral glucose tolerance test. The diagnostic ranges for normal glucose, prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are in the figure below3:

 

Risk factors for prediabetes mirror those of type 2 diabetes and include a BMI that is consistent with overweight or obesity, among others. The United States Preventive Services Task Force has a screening recommendation4 for abnormal glucose in adults, or you can use an alternative screening protocol. For patients who have had a recent laboratory test, you can use your electronic health record or laboratory reports to identify those who meet the diagnostic criteria for prediabetes. Once patients with prediabetes have been identified, patients should be informed of their diagnosis, either during their next office visit or through an established notification process. This diagnosis should be documented in their chart, you can use the ICD10 code R73.03 to document prediabetes.

Step 2: Provide patients with evidence-based treatment

The National Diabetes Prevention program lifestyle change program is an effective and evidence-based treatment for patients with prediabetes that has been proven to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes5. The program is an intensive lifestyle change program that can be delivered in-person, through distance learning or through virtual modalities. Individuals participate in group sessions led by a trained lifestyle coach that take place on an approximate weekly basis for the first few months of the program and then transition into a maintenance phase, which consists of sessions approximately once a month. The curriculum is comprehensive and gives participants the knowledge and skills to make sustainable healthy lifestyle changes. The curriculum includes topics on healthy diet and physical activity, as well as stress management and behavioral strategies to make lasting changes. The CDC provides oversight and quality assurance of the National DPP lifestyle change program and maintains standards for program sites to receive approval and recognition. You can find program locations near you on the CDC’s National Diabetes Prevention Program website. https://nccd.cdc.gov/DDT_DPRP/Registry.aspx

Step 3: Monitor and follow-up

If you refer patients to a National DPP lifestyle change program, it is recommended that you monitor their progress and follow-up on their outcomes to help support them. A process should be established with the provider of the National DPP lifestyle change program to share regular updates about participation and achievement of goals for patients in the program. It is recommended that communication occur at designated points during the program. This will also allow you to arrange any appropriate follow-up visits or repeat laboratory testing for patients.

By using these three steps, you can help your patients reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes and make them aware of the National DPP lifestyle change program. As a result, you empower your patients to improve their health and provide them with the skills and strategies to make long-term healthy lifestyle changes.

For more information, consult the Prevent Diabetes STAT toolkit, which includes patient identification/management protocols, referral templates and patient awareness and education materials.

Your participation in a brief survey regarding this article on prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes would be greatly appreciated. To complete the survey, use the link below…

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References

  1. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017: Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf. Accessed October 1, 2018
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Awareness of prediabetes-United States, 2005-2010, MMWR, Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2013;62(11) 209-12.
  2. American Diabetes Association. Section 14. Diabetes Advocacy. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – 2016, Diabetes Care 2016:39(Suppl 1)S105-S106).
  3. Siu AL Peters JJ, Bibbins-Domingo K, Grossman D, et al.. Screening for abnormal blood glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2015;163:861-8.
  4. Knowler WC, Barrett-Connor E, Fowler SE, et al. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med. 2002; 346(6):393-403.

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MOC Update: Two Certification Programs Transition from Pilot to Permanent

MOC Update: Two Certification Programs Transition from Pilot to Permanent

Last year, the Medical Association worked to bring together physicians, medical organizations, state medical societies, hospitals, health systems, patients and the American Board of Medical Specialties to investigate the future of board certification. The first in-person meeting in March produced testimony on continuing certification from stakeholders who provided their perspectives and experiences with continuing certification, the challenges they currently face, and their thoughts about opportunities about the future. Now, the pilot certification programs for two medical specialty organizations has become permanent.

In May, the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Board of Anesthesiology each received notification from the ABMS that their respective Maintenance of Certification pilot programs have been made permanent options for specific members of their groups who reach specific standards.

American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology

The MOC pilot program is now a permanent option for ABOG Diplomates. If Diplomates meet the high-performance threshold determined by ABOG on the Part II: Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment component in Years 1-6 of the MOC cycle, they can receive credit for meeting the MOC external assessment requirement. Diplomates must also continue to meet other MOC standards, including the annual MOC Professionalism and Professional Standing requirements. Upon entering Year 6, Diplomates will receive notification they qualify for the new pathway on their personal page in the ABOG physician portal if they have met all requirements. Diplomates that do not meet the eligibility requirements will continue to meet the external assessment standard by passing the MOC examination.

ABOG members can read the full statement here.

American Board of Anesthesiology, Inc.

The American Board of Anesthesiology’s MOCA Minute pilot is now a permanent component of the Maintenance of Certification in Anesthesiology™ (MOCA®) program. MOCA Minute launched in 2014 as a web-based tool that was expanded in 2016 to include most Diplomates. In 2017 those maintaining subspecialty certificates began participating as well. Diplomates answer 30 multiple-choice questions online each calendar quarter (120 per year) at their convenience. Their questions are customized based on which certificate(s) physicians are maintaining and their practice profile, which they fill out indicating the focus of the clinical practice. Upon answering questions, they learn immediately if their answers are correct and see the rationale, a critique and links to learning resources related to the questions.

ABA members can read the full statement here.

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AG Steve Marshall Speaks at November Education Weekend

AG Steve Marshall Speaks at November Education Weekend

BIRMINGHAM – Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall addressed attendees during the Association’s Annual Medical Ethics seminar on Friday, Nov. 17, at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Birmingham and helped kick off one of the largest weekends of educational offerings the Association has hosted since 2014.

The weekend began on Friday, Nov. 17, with Ensuring Quality in the Collaborative Practice and Medical Ethics courses. This was the first time an attorney general has spoken to the participants.

By Saturday, Nov. 18, the room was filled with more than 430 participants for the final Prescribing of Controlled Drugs and Controversies of Pharmacology Prescribing course of 2017. The Association’s opioid prescribing courses began in 2009 and is offered at least three times annually. By the end of 2017, more than 5,000 participants – from physicians, physician assistants and nurse practitioners – had taken the course.

The Prescribing course will return in 2018 on March 17-18, August 3-5 and November 17-18. More information will be available at a later date.

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